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A simple, minimal PostgreSQL session store for Connect/Express




Connect PG Simple

A simple, minimal PostgreSQL session store for Express/Connect

npm version npm downloads Module type: CJS js-semistandard-style Follow @voxpelli


npm install connect-pg-simple

Once npm installed the module, you need to create the "session" table in your database.

For that you can use the table.sql file provided with the module:

psql mydatabase < node_modules/connect-pg-simple/table.sql

Or simply play the file via a GUI, like the pgAdminIII queries tool.

Or instruct this module to create it itself, by setting the createTableIfMissing option.

Note that connect-pg-simple requires PostgreSQL version 9.5 or above.


Examples are based on Express 4.

Simple example:

const session = require('express-session');

  store: new (require('connect-pg-simple')(session))({
    // Insert connect-pg-simple options here
  secret: process.env.FOO_COOKIE_SECRET,
  resave: false,
  cookie: { maxAge: 30 * 24 * 60 * 60 * 1000 } // 30 days
  // Insert express-session options here

Advanced example showing some custom options:

const pg = require('pg');
const expressSession = require('express-session');
const pgSession = require('connect-pg-simple')(expressSession);

const pgPool = new pg.Pool({
    // Insert pool options here

  store: new pgSession({
    pool : pgPool,                // Connection pool
    tableName : 'user_sessions'   // Use another table-name than the default "session" one
    // Insert connect-pg-simple options here
  secret: process.env.FOO_COOKIE_SECRET,
  resave: false,
  cookie: { maxAge: 30 * 24 * 60 * 60 * 1000 } // 30 days
  // Insert express-session options here

Advanced options

Connection options

Listed in the order they will be picked up. If multiple are defined, then the first in the lists that is defined will be used, the rest ignored.

  • pool - The recommended one – Connection pool object (compatible with pg.Pool) for the underlying database module.
  • pgPromise - Database object from pg-promise to be used for DB communications.
  • conObject - If you don't specify a pool object, use this option or conString to specify a PostgreSQL Pool connection object and this module will create a new pool for you.
  • conString - If you don't specify a pool object, use this option or conObject to specify a PostgreSQL connection string like postgres://user:[email protected]:5432/database and this module will create a new pool for you. If there's a connection string in the DATABASE_URL environment variable (as it is by default on eg. Heroku) then this module will fallback to that if no other connection method has been specified.

Other options

  • ttl - the time to live for the session in the database – specified in seconds. Defaults to the cookie maxAge if the cookie has a maxAge defined and otherwise defaults to one day.
  • createTableIfMissing - if set to true then creates the table in the case where the table does not already exist. Defaults to false.
  • disableTouch – boolean value that if set to true disables the updating of TTL in the database when using touch. Defaults to false.
  • schemaName - if your session table is in another Postgres schema than the default (it normally isn't), then you can specify that here.
  • tableName - if your session table is named something else than session, then you can specify that here.
  • pruneSessionInterval - sets the delay in seconds at which expired sessions are pruned from the database. Default is 60 seconds. If set to false no automatic pruning will happen. By default every delay is randomized between 50% and 150% of set value, resulting in an average delay equal to the set value, but spread out to even the load on the database. Automatic pruning will happen pruneSessionInterval seconds after the last pruning (includes manual prunes).
  • pruneSessionRandomizedInterval – if set to false, then the exact value of pruneSessionInterval will be used in all delays. No randomization will happen. If multiple instances all start at once, disabling randomization can mean that multiple instances are all triggering pruning at once, causing unnecessary load on the database. Can also be set to a method, taking a numeric delay parameter and returning a modified one, thus allowing a custom delay algorithm if wanted.
  • errorLog – the method used to log errors in those cases where an error can't be returned to a callback. Defaults to console.error(), but can be useful to override if one eg. uses Bunyan for logging.

Useful methods

  • close() – if this module used its own database module to connect to Postgres, then this will shut that connection down to allow a graceful shutdown. Returns a Promise that will resolve when the database has shut down.
  • pruneSessions([callback(err)]) – will prune old sessions. Only really needed to be called if pruneSessionInterval has been set to false – which can be useful if one wants improved control of the pruning.

For enterprise

Available as part of the Tidelift Subscription.

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