npm package discovery and stats viewer.

Discover Tips

  • General search

    [free text search, go nuts!]

  • Package details


  • User packages



Optimize Toolset

I’ve always been into building performant and accessible sites, but lately I’ve been taking it extremely seriously. So much so that I’ve been building a tool to help me optimize and monitor the sites that I build to make sure that I’m making an attempt to offer the best experience to those who visit them. If you’re into performant, accessible and SEO friendly sites, you might like it too! You can check it out at Optimize Toolset.


Hi, 👋, I’m Ryan Hefner  and I built this site for me, and you! The goal of this site was to provide an easy way for me to check the stats on my npm packages, both for prioritizing issues and updates, and to give me a little kick in the pants to keep up on stuff.

As I was building it, I realized that I was actually using the tool to build the tool, and figured I might as well put this out there and hopefully others will find it to be a fast and useful way to search and browse npm packages as I have.

If you’re interested in other things I’m working on, follow me on Twitter or check out the open source projects I’ve been publishing on GitHub.

I am also working on a Twitter bot for this site to tweet the most popular, newest, random packages from npm. Please follow that account now and it will start sending out packages soon–ish.

Open Software & Tools

This site wouldn’t be possible without the immense generosity and tireless efforts from the people who make contributions to the world and share their work via open source initiatives. Thank you 🙏

© 2021 – Pkg Stats / Ryan Hefner




A simple, convention-based CloudFormation Stack deployment tool. The deployment region is read from the environment variable AWS_REGION or retrieved from the Instance Identity Document (for EC2 instances), otherwise it defaults to us-east-1.





Build Status

Evaporate is a simple CloudFormation Stack deployment tool.

It was created to optimise a continuous delivery build & deploy service for infrastructure and applications, but also to provide a smooth experience for experimental stack deployments into sandbox/test environments from a workstation rather than a build/deployment server.



git clone [email protected]:seek-oss/evaporate.git
cd evaporate
yarn add -g



The deployment region is read from the environment variable AWS_REGION; retrieved from the Instance Identity Document; overridden for all stacks with --default-region option; otherwise it defaults to us-east-1. Additionally, each stack definition can specify its own deployment region.


By default, evaporate looks for a configuration file called evaporate.yaml. This file contains the information required for evaporate to operate on your stacks. If you want evaporate to look for a different file, append the file path to the end of your evaporate command:

> evaporate upsert myconfig.yaml

Each stack to be deployed must be described in evaporate.yaml by a stack definition. A stack definition consists of the following:

  1. A stack name
  2. A path to a json stack template
  3. (Optional) The parameters specified in the stack template file (separated by AWS account ID)
  4. (Optional) Up to 10 tags as key value pairs (keys can be 127 characters max, values can be 255 characters max)
  5. (Optional) Files to upload to buckets created within previous stacks
  6. (Optional) A list of Capabilities needed by the stack, e.g., CAPABILITY_IAM
  7. (Optional) A deployment region that is used to override the default, e.g. us-east-1

NB: The order of execution is determined based on stack output references. If there is a cyclic dependency within the stacks (e.g. stack2 references an output from stack1 and stack1 references an output from stack 2) then the given command will not be executed on any stacks. If there is no dependency cycle, the command will be executed on the stacks in an order that ensures that any stack output references can be resolved when their corresponding stacks are created/upserted.

NB: Only one evaporate.yaml file should be needed for each deployment.

See example/evaporate.yaml.

Stack Templates

Each stack definition requires a stack template as a value to the template-path key. The same stack template for can be used for different stacks.

If multiple stack templates are being used, be sure to add an extra -v flag to the docker run command:

-v $(pwd)/template-folder/another-template.json:/app/another-template.json


Parameters are separated by AWS account ID. This is done to restrict deployment to specific accounts. Before executing any commands, the account ID you are authenticated to is checked against the account IDs in evaporate.yaml. If the account ID is not found, no commands will be executed.

If the stack doesn't require any parameters then it can be omitted from the configuration.


Tags are used to manage AWS resources. They are simply key-value pairs that are attached to a resource. Tags are specified in each stack definition as a dictionary under the tags key:

  Owner: Admin
  Environment: Sandbox

Tags are a completely optional field; this can be reflected by making the tags key have an empty dictionary as a value:

tags: {}

or just completely omitting the tags key altogether.

S3 Bucket File Upload


  1. File uploads are done before stack creation.
  2. This section does not create a bucket itself, it is only used to upload files to buckets that have already been created within stacks that already exist.

Uploading files/folders to a bucket created in another stack is done by adding the s3upload key to a stack definition and specifying the name of each bucket as well as the files/folders to be uploaded.

- bucket-name: bucket1
    folder/file.txt: folder/anotherFolder/file.txt

If the key is a file, then the value will be the path the file will appear at in the bucket. If the key is a folder, then the value will be the path to that folder in the bucket. For example:

  folder: myFolder

This would upload all the files within folder but they would be under the myFolder folder in the bucket.

This is useful for altering the structure of files in the bucket without having to mirror that structure locally. The value may also be left empty:


Alternatively, if all files are to have their paths unchanged in the bucket, then they can described in a list instead of a dictionary of keys with empty values:

  - file1.txt
  - file2.txt
  - folder1/folder2

Bucket names can be those set in a stack template file, or a stack output from another stack. See External Values for more information on this syntax.

- bucket-name: ${}
    - file.txt

Hashing Files

Often you will want to trigger CFN updates when the contents of configuration files referenced by a stack change, even if the stack template itself has not changed. An easy way to achieve this is by prefixing the file paths with the hash of the contents.

The hash is generated by running the SHA1 hashing function across each file specified, or in the case of a folder, each item in that folder.

This is done by specifying either true or false to the hash key for each bucket within s3upload. For example, if you want to upload 3 files and a folder to the same bucket but only want to hash 2 of the files and the folder, it would look like this:

- bucket-name: bucket1
  hash: true
    - file1.txt
    - file2.txt
    - myFolder
- bucket-name: bucket1
  hash: false
    - file3.txt

The result of this upload would be the following structure within the bucket:


Files are not hashed by default so the hash key may be set to false or omitted.

File/folder hashes can also be used as parameter values:

    FileHash: ${hash.path/to/file.txt}

Hashes of files/folders can only be referenced as parameters within the same stack definition that contains the s3upload key that declares them for uploading.

Zipping files

When defining a Lambda in a stack template, code may be inlined, but for anything more than a few lines this is impractical. By specifying the zip flag (similar to the hash flag), each file or folder will be zipped before being uploaded to the bucket. The Lambda can now point to a zip file containing the source code files instead.

For example:

- bucket-name: lambdaBucket
  zip: true
    - sourceFolder1
- bucket-name: lambdaBucket
  zip: true
    - path/to/
    - path/to/sourceFolder2

would result in the following files being uploaded to the root folder of the lambdaBucket s3 bucket:
  - contents of sourceFolder1
  - contents of sourceFolder2

Both the hash and zip flag can be used together. This will yield the same result as having just the zip flag, except all file paths will be prefixed with the hash of their contents.

NB: The .zip suffix will be added to the alternate file path so there is no need to explicitly name the alternate path path/to/ as this will result in a file called


If a CFN stack requires Capabilities they can be specified in the evaporate.yaml as a list under the stack property capabilities, e.g.


This field is optional.

External Values

Parameter values can refer to environment variables by using the following syntax:


Evaporate will fetch the value before creating/updating the stack, throwing an exception if it cannot be found.

Similarly, stack output values can be used as parameter values as well:

ParamKey: ${stack.stack-name-here.output.OutputName}

NB: The stack whose output value is being used as a parameter value must be defined in evaporate.yaml before the stack that requires that value. Otherwise the stack will be unable to get the output since the other stack won't exist yet.

At the moment it is not possible to reference an external value as a part of a larger parameter value, i.e.

ParamKey: "Some stuff ${env.SOME_ENV} some other stuff"

will not work.

Similarly, multiple external values cannot be referenced within the same parameter value, i.e.

ParamKey: "${env.SOME_ENV}${env.SOME_OTHER_ENV}"

will not work.


NB: Your shell must be authenticated to AWS, e.g., aws configure

Upsert Stack (via binary)

> evaporate upsert

Upsert Stack (via Docker)

docker run \
  -v $(pwd)/example/stack-template.json:/app/stack-template.json \
  -v $(pwd)/example/evaporate.yaml:/app/evaporate.yaml \
  seek/evaporate upsert

Evaporate chooses the parameter values from evaporate.yaml based upon which account you have authenticated to, so you can never accidentally deploy Sandbox parameters to the Production account or vice versa.

NB: Any files or folders you wish to upload to an S3 bucket must be added to the docker run command with an extra -v flag. You then reference the locations within your container in evaporate.yaml, NOT their locations on your local machine.


Evaporate will print detailed usage documentation via the --help flag.

This works both natively:

> evaporate --help

and via Docker:

> docker run seek/evaporate --help



Putting your computer to sleep causes a time drift between the docker container's clock and the host clock. Depending on how long your computer sleeps for, you may receive a ServiceError similar to this:

[ServiceError] {
  service    = STS
  status     = 403 Forbidden
  code       = SignatureDoesNotMatch
  message    = Just Signature expired: 20160810T085646Z is now earlier than 20160811T002228Z (20160811T003728Z - 15 min.)
  request-id = Just c83b97bf-5f5b-11e6-8c56-b7e8c5732999

If this occurs, restarting docker should fix the problem. See here for more information.